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2020年城规《规划实务》知识点: 城市固体废物综合整治

发布时间: 2019-02-21 18:15:29 来源:西甲比赛投注_西甲下注 中公西甲比赛投注工程网 浏览次数:

为应对2020年城乡规划师考试,编辑整理了城乡规划师考试的考试难点,希望给各位考生带来帮助!

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1.固体废物处理概况

西甲比赛投注muqian,xijiabisaitouzhuguogutifeiwudechanshengliang、duicunliangzengzhanghenkuai,gutifeiwudewuranyichengweixuduochengshihuan jingwurandezhuyaoyinsuzhiyi。suoweigutifeiwuzhishixiangduieryande,jizaitedingguochenghuozaimouyifangmianmeiyoushiyongjiazhi,danbingfeizai yiqieguochenghuoyiqiefangmiandoumeiyoushiyongjiazhi。mouyiguochengdefeiwuwangwanghuichengweilingyiguochengdeyuanliao,suoyi yourenxingronggutifeiwushi"fangcuodidiandeyuanliao"。

西甲比赛投注gutifeiwukefenweiyibangongyegutifeiwu、youduyouhaigutifeiwu、chengshilajijinongyegutifeiwu。 zheilizhongdiantaolunqiansanleigutifeiwudezonghezhengzhiwenti。

gutifeiwulaiyuanguangqiechengfenfuza,erfangzhijishuyoujiaoluohou,shichengshihuanjingwuranzonghezhengzhideyige nandian。zaiyanjiubianzhihuanjingguihuashi,shouxianyingkaolvjianshaochanshengliang,ranhoushijinkenengzongheliyong、ziyuan hua,zanyuanliyongkenengdejinxingchulihechuzhi。

2.一般工业固体废物综合整治措施

gongyefeiwushiduozhongduoyangde,youjinshu、feijinshu,youyouyuanjiwuheyoujiwudeng。jingguoyidingdegongyi chuli,gongyefeiwukechengweigongyeyuanliaohuonengyuan,jiaofeishui、feiqiyiyushixianzaishengziyuanhua。muqian,gezhong gongyefeiwujizhichengduozhongchanpin,rushuini、hunningtuguliao、zhuanwa、xianwei、zhushidengjianzhucailiao;tiqu tie、lv、tong、qian、bodengjinshuheji、you、xu、lv、qindengxiyoujinshu;zhizaofeiliao、turanggailiangji deng。ciwai,haikeyiyongyuchuliwushui、kuangshanmiehuo,yijiyongzuohuagongtianliaodeng。 tongguohelidegongyeshengchanlian,keyicujingongyefeizhadeziyuanhua,shiyigeqiyedefeizhachengweilingyige qiyedeyuanliao。zuoweizhenggegongyetixi,jiubiranjiaodaditigaoziyuandeliyonglvhezhuanhualv,shengchanguochengzhong xiaochuwuran,zheishifangzhiwurandejijibanfa。

youyugutifeiwudechengfenfuza,chanshengliangda、chulinan,yibantouzihenda,suoyizuoweigutifeiwuzonghezhengzhidezhongdianjiushizongheliyong,fazhanqiyejiandehengxianglianxi,cujingutifeiwuzhongxinjinrushengchanxunhuanxi tong。lirumeiganshikeyizuoweishengchanguisuanyanshuinideyuanliao(sucheng"yanshishuini" ) ;zaigongyeshang,yeke tidaibufenmeishiyong。

yourufenmeihuiyekezuoweishuinishengchandeyuanliao,muqianjibeiguangfanyingyong。ciwai,fenmeihuihaikejingjiagong chulizhichengzhushichanpinhezhamiandeng。

zongzhi,gongyegutifeiwudezongheliyongqianjingshiguangkuode,zuoweigutifeiwuzonghezhengzhiyingbazhongdianfangzai zongheliyongshang,duifanyoutiaojianzongheliyongde,yaojinliangzongheliyong;duimuqianmeiyoutiaojianzongheliyongde,yao chulichuzhi、cunfang,daitiaojianchengshushizaizuoweiyuanliaozhongxinliyong。

ciwai,yingduiyifeizhaweiyuanliaojinxingjiagongshengchandeqiyejiyuyouhuizhengce,zhidinggutifeiwuguanlibanfa。muqianguojiayibanbuleyifeizhaweiyuanliaojinxingshengchandeqiyedejingjiyouhuizhengce,zaizhidinggutifeiwuzong hezhengzhicuoshishi,kejieheguojiadezhengcegenjuchengshidejutitedian,zhidingshishixize,dalitichangzongheliyong。

3.有毒有害固体废物的处理与处置

youduyouhaigutifeiwuzhuyaocaiquxialiechulicuoshi。baokuo: ①fenhuafa。feizhazhongyouhaiwuzhidedu'xing ruguoshiyouwuzhidefenzijiegou,erbushiyousuohanyuansuzaochengde,zheizhongfeizha,yibankecaiyongfenhuafafenjie qifenzijiegou,ruyoujiwujingfenhuazhuanhuaweieryanghuatan、shuihehuifen,yijishaolianghanliu、dan、linhelusu dehuahewudeng。zheizhongfangfaxiaoguohao,zhandishao,duihuanjingyingxiangxiao;danshishebeidecaozuojiaoweifuza,feiyongda,haibixuchulishengyudeyouhaihuifen。②huaxuechulifa。yingyongzuipubiandeshi: a.suanjianzhonghefa。wei lebimianguoliang,kecaiyongruosuanhuoruojian,jiudizhongheo b.yanghuahaiyuanchulifa。c.chendianhuaxuechulifa。 liyongchendianzuoyong,xingchengrongjiedudideshuiheyanghuawuheliuhuawudeng,jianshaoduxing。d.huaxueguding。changneng shiyouhaiwuzhixingchengrongjiedujiaodidewuzhi。gudingjiyoushuini、liqing、guisuanyan、lizijiaohuanshuzhi、turang zhanhejiyijiliuhuangpaomocailiaodeng。③shengwuchulifa。duigezhongyoujiwuchangcaiyongshengwujiangjiefa,baokuo: huo xingwunifa、dilichifa、qihuachifa、yanghuatangfahetudichulifadeng。

西甲比赛投注qici,youduyouhaigutifeiwudechuliyuchuzhi,haikeyicaiyonganquancunfangfangfa,zhuyaoshiyanmaifa。 yanmaiyouhaifeiwu,bixuzuodaoanquantianmai。yuxianyaojinxingdizhiheshuiwendiaocha,xuandingheshidechangdi,baozheng bufashenglvli、shenloudengxianxiang,bingduibeichulideyouhaifeiwudeshuliang、zhonglei、cunfangweizhidengzuochuxiangxiji lu,bimianyinqigezhongchengfenjiandehuaxuefanying。duilinchuyeyaojinxingjiance。anquantianmaidechangdizuihaoxuanzaigan hanhuobanganhandiqu。

4.城市垃圾的综合整治

chengshilajidezonghezhengzhidezhuyaomubiaoshi"wuhaihua、jianlianghuaheziyuanhua",yibanbaokuoruxiabuzhou。

(1)zhidingchengshilajideshoujiheshusongjihua

1 )lajideqingsao

西甲比赛投注jihuaanpaidelajiqingsaoliangyinggaibushaoyulajichanshengliang,baokuoanpaiderenli、wuli、shebei、touzi heyunxingfeiyongdeng。

2)lajideshouji

lajishoujiyaoqiangdiaofenleishouji,zheishishifeiwubianchengzaishengziyuan、zaixunhuanliyongdeguanjian,yekejianshao lajiyunshu、chulichuzhidegongzuoliang。lajifenleishoujiyingyulajifenleichulixiangjiehe,binggenjuchulifangshi jinxinglajifenleishouji。lajishoujiderongliangyinggaiyuqingsaoliangxiangxiediao,bingyingxuanzeshidangdelajishoujirong qi。

3)lajideyunshu

genjulajideqingyunlvmubiao,anpailajiyunshugongju、yunshutouziheyunxingfeiyong。shouji、yunshulaji decheliangchexiangbixumibi,zhuangzaiguochengjixiehua,tiaojianhaodehaiyaoqiuzhuangzaigongjuyoujiandandeyasuoshebei,yi jianshaozhuangzaitijizengdayunshunengli。

西甲比赛投注(2)zhidingchengshilajidechulijihua

西甲比赛投注lajifenleichulishilajishengtaihuadebijingzhilu。genjufenleishoujidelajifenbiexuanzezongheliyong、dui fei、tianmaihefenshaodengchulifangfa。yingshouxianxuanzezongheliyongfangfa,yihuishouzaishenghuoxunhuanshiyonglajizhongdeyouyongziyuan。

1 )zongheliyong

chengshilajidehuishoujizongheliyongriyishoudaozhongshi。1970nianmeiguoxiudingleyuanlaide《gutifeiwuchu lifa} ,gongbu《ziyuanhuishoufa} ,tongguofalvgulihezhichihuishouliyongjishudeyanjiu。riben、xioudeng ziyuanbijiaopinfadeguojiayezaikaishizhuyihuishouliyong。ribenzaozai1971jiuzhidingle《feiqiwuchuliqingsao fa}, 1992nianzhiding《ziyuanhuishoufa}, 1994nianzhiding《ziyuanhuishouzaishengfa} ;deguo1996nianniandiban bule《xunhuanjingjilajifa》。

①chengshilajidefenxuan

jianghunzaiyiqidechengshilajifenliqizuchengchengfen,shihuishouliyongsuobixudeyuchuligongxu。muqianzhuyao caiyongyugongfenxuandefangfa,xiaolvdichengbengao,yanzhongyingxianghuishouliyongdekaizhan。yinci,zidonghua、jixiehua defenxuanjishuchengweinengfoudaguimojingjidifazhanhuishouliyongdeguanjianwenti。muqianzhengyanjiuhefazhandejixiehua hezidonghuafenxuanfangfa,zhuyaoyijufeiwudewulixingzhi(xingzhuang、daxiao、bizhong、yanse、cixing、daodian xing、diancifushexishouhefangshexingdeng)dechabie。

②chengshilajidehuishou

jiangchengshilajizhongdefeizhi、feiboli、feijinshuhuishou,congfeiwuzhongfenlichulaideyoujiwu,jingguowuli jiagongchengweizailiyongdezhipin。zhijizhizhipinfeiwuzaichengshilajizhongzhanyouxiangdanggaodebizhong,kehuishouyongyuzhi zaozhijiang,shengchanzhiliangjiaodidezhihezhizhipin。

③chengshilajidezhuanhua

tongguohuaxue、shengwuhuaxuefangfa,kejiangfeiwuzhuanhuaweiyouyongwuzhi,zheishiyizhongzhengzaifazhandexindehuishou liyongtujing。zhuanhuafenhuaxuezhuanhuaheshengwuhuaxuezhuanhua。

huaxuezhuanhuabaokuorejie、shuijie、jiaqing、yanghuadeng。rejieshizaigejuekongqitiaojianxia,yu1100 18001'shiyoujifeiwufenjie。genjufeiwuzuchengherejietiaojiandebutong,rejiechanwuyoutan、jiaoyou、liqing、 qingyou、youjisuandeng,zheixiechanwukeyiyongzuoranliao,huojingfenlihouyongzuohuagongyuanliao。danshiyouyuchengfenfu za,fenlichengbengao,suoyizhuyaoyongzuoranliao。shuijieshijiangxianweisufeiwu(chengshilajizhongdefeizhi、shucai dengzhiwu) ,zaisuancuihuaxiashuijieweitang。tangkejingfajiaozhichengjiujing、ningxiangsuandeng。jiaqingfanyingkejiangyoujifei wuzhuanhuaweiranliaoyou。zaiyiyanghuatanheshuidecunzaixia,zaigaoyaxiajiaqing,fanyingwendu3800c ,congmeidunla ji(ganzhongliang)kede84jialundiliuranliao。yanghuaheranshaobutong,shiyizhongyoukongzhidezhuanhuafa,fanyingwen dudi,buchanshenghuoyan。kejianglajizhongdeyoujiwuzhuanhuaweitandegezhongyanghuawu,ruyiyanghuatan、eryanghua tan、youjisuan、longdeng。shengwuhuaxuezhuanhuashitongguoweishengwuzuoyongjiangfeiwuzhuanhuaweiyouyongwuzhi。youjifeiwujing guoxuyangxiaohuakezhichengleisifuzhizhidefeiliao,yijisuoshuodeduifeichuli。

2)lajiweishengtiandi

tiandichulilajishijiaoguangfancaiyongdeyizhongfangfa。keliyongfeikuangkeng、zhantufeikeng、wachi、xiagudeng, suoyitouzihechulichengbenjunjiaodi。danshi,yiwangguangfancaiqudetiandifangfashiyuanjihuaerqiebuweishengde。tian dichangsuoechouchongtian,shu、yingqingshengfanzhi,chuanranjibing,yanzhongweihaizhouweihuanjing,shoudaofujinjumindeqianglie fandui。weishengtiandishizhengzaifazhandechulichengshilajidefangfa。qijibencaozuoshipushangyicengchengshilajibingya shihou,zaipushangyicengtu,ranhouzhucipuchengshilajiheshi,rucixingchengjiacengjiegou。zheiyangjiukeyikefulutian tiandizaochengdeechouheshuyingqingshengwenti,dadagaishanzhouweihuanjing。tongshi,keyoujihuadijiangfeikuangkeng、zhantukeng dengjingguoweishengtiandi,gaizaochenggongyuan、lvdi、muchang、nongtianhuozuojianzhuyongdi。

西甲比赛投注weishengtiandicunzailianggewenti,yishililvzuoyong,yishitiandicengzhongdefeiwujingshengwufenjiehuichanshengdaliangqiti(zhaoqi)。kongzhililvdefangfashishezhishenlvyeshoujihechulixitong。fangzhidaliangfenjieqitijijide fangfashishezhipaiqikoushifenjieqitijishiyirudaqi。youtiaojiandeyinghuishoufadian、gongrehuozuoweicheliangranliao deng。weishengtiandishejidizhi、shuiwen、weisheng、gongchengdengxuduofangmian,xuyaoshenzhongduidai,cainengshoudaojichuli lechengshilaji,youbuhuiwuranshuihekongqidexiaoguo。

3)lajihuihua(fenshao)

huihuashijiangchengshilajizaigaowenxiaranshao,shikeranfeiwuzhuanbianweieryanghuatanheshui。huihuahoucanhuijinwei feiwuyuantijide5%yixia,congerdadajianshaolegutifeiwuliang。lajihuihuaguochengzhongchanshengderenengyinghuishoufadianhuogongre。weilejianshaoereyingdechansheng,lajiyingzaifen shaoluneichongfenranshao。yingcaiyongxianjin、kekaodejishuheshebei,yangekongzhilajifenshaodeyanqipaifang,yange anzhao《shenghuolajifenshaowurankongzhibiaozhun》dengyouguanyaoqiu,duiyanqi、wushui、luzha、feihui、chouqihe zaoshengdengjinxingkongzhihechuli,fangzhifenshaoguochengduihuanjingdewuran。

 

以上就是中公西甲比赛投注工程网小编整理的城乡规划师的备考难点,此外,小编还给大家整理了模拟试题、历年试题等考试资料,更多备考资料持续更新中。

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