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2020年城规《规划实务》知识点: 废水污染

发布时间: 2019-02-21 18:18:29 来源:西甲比赛投注_西甲下注 中公西甲比赛投注工程网 浏览次数:

为应对2020年城乡规划师考试,编辑整理了城乡规划师考试的考试难点,希望给各位考生带来帮助!

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废水指人类在生产活动和生活活动过程中排出的使用过的水。包括从住宅、商业建筑 物、公共设施和工矿企业排出的液体以及用水输送的废物与可能出现的地下水、地表水和 雨水的混合物。废水中的污染物对人体有程度不等的危害。废水污染类型及主要特点如下:

(1)生活污水

西甲比赛投注shenghuowushuishijuminrichangshenghuosuochanshengdewushui,shihunzhuo、shense、juechoudeshui,weichengjianxing,yibanbuhanduwu,suohangutiwuzhiyuezhanzongzhongliangde0. 1% ~0. 2% ,suohanyoujizazhiyuezhan60% ,zaiqi quanbuxuanfuwuzhongyoujichengfenjihuzhanzongliangde3/4yishang。shenghuowushuijishiyiyugezhongweishengwudefanzhi,hanyoudaliangdexijun、bingyuanjunhejishengchongluan。shenghuowushuideshuiliangshuizhimingxianjuyouzhouye、jijiezhouqixingbianhua detedian。

(2)工业废水

gongyefeishuizhigongkuangqiye(baokuoxiangzhenqiye)shengchanguochengpaichudefeishui。shishengchanwushuiheshengchanfeishuidezongcheng。gongyefeishuideshuiliang、shuizhisuibutongdegongyejiqishengchanguochengeryouhendadechabie。 shengchanwushuizhuanzhigongkuangqiyeshengchanzhongsuopaichudewuranjiaoyanzhong、xujingchulihoufangkepaifangdegongyefei shui。chengfenfuza,duobanjuyoujiaodadeweihaixing,gezhongshengchanwushuideshuizhiheshuiliangxiangchahenda。duiyizhongsheng chanwushui,wangwangyiqizhonghanliangjiaoduohuoduxingjiaoqiangdemouyizhongchengfenlaimingming,ruhanpan、hanyou、suanjian、han yang、hanfei、hanming、hanli、hanpu、hanqiandengwushui。

生产废水又称"清净废水"。指工矿企业排出的比较清洁的不经处理即可排放的工业废水。典型的生产废水是冷却水。生产废水(特别是冷却水)是循环利用工业废水中应 首先考虑的.废水中的污染物质及主要特点如下:

1、有机物质的污染

youjiwuranzhiyoujihuahewuyinqidehuanjingwuran。youjihuahewufenweitianrandeherengonghechengdeliangda lei。qianzhezhuyaoshishengwudaixiewuheshengwuhuaxueguochengdechanwu,ruhuangqumeisu、youzhi、danbaizhideng;houzhe weihechengdenongyao、xidiji、suliaodeng。

西甲比赛投注shuitizhongdeyoujiwuranwufenweihuifaxinghefeihuifaxingdeliangdalei。huifaxingyoujiwuranwuzhizhanyoujiwu ranwude10% ~20% ,qiyudaliangweifeihuifaxingyoujiwuranwu,baokuofuzhizhi、duotanglei、danbaizhiheduo fulei。zheixiejilaiyuanyutianranwuzhiyoulaiyuanyurenweiwuran,haibaokuogongyehuaxuepin、biaomianhuoxingji、yaopin henongyaodengrenzaoyoujiwu。

2、无机物质的污染

西甲比赛投注duihuanjingzaochengwurandeyuanjiwuzhiyou: gezhongyuansudeyanghuawu、liuhuawu、luhuawu、suan、jian、yanlei deng。shuitiphzhixiaoyu5huodayu9shi,dabufenshuishengshengwubunengshengcun。

3、有毒物质的污染

西甲比赛投注dangfeishuizhonghanyouduoliangdeduwuruyanghuawu、bei、panlei,yijili、puhetongdengzhongjinshulizishi,jiu huichuxianduhaishengwudezuoyong,jiangshuitizhongdexijunhedongzhiwushasi。youyuxijunbeiduwushasi,jiubiranyi zhishuitidezijingzuoyong。

4、 "富营养化"污染

youyushuitizhongdan、lin、er、tanzengduo,shizaoleidaliangfanzhi,haoqushuizhongrongjieyang,congeryingxiangyulei deshengcun,zheijiushisuoweide"fuyingyanghua"wuran。zaozhi、pige、rouleijiagong、lianyoudenggongyefeishui, shenghuowushuiyijinongtianshiyongfeiliao,shishuitizhongdan、lin、gang、tandengyingyangwuzengjia。hanlinxidijideguangfan yingyong,shishenghuowushuizhonghanlinliangzengjia。

5、油类污染物

youleiwuranzhuyaoweishiyouwuran,zhizaishiyoudekaicai、lianzhi、zhuyunheshiyongguochengzhong,yuanyoujigezhong shiyouzhipinjinruhuanjingerxingchengdewuranwu。weihaiyanghuanjingzhongzuichangjiandeyoujiwuranwu,yecunzaiyulushangshi yougongyediqujifujindedaqi、shuitiheturangzhong。zaihekouhejinhaishuiyu,jinnianlaizheizhongwuranshifentuchu.

6、热污染

西甲比赛投注rewuranzhirenleihuodongweihairehuanjingdexianxiang。shuitirewuranshimeikuang、youtian、dianchangdengdaxingnengyuanzhuan huanqiyepaichudefeishuizaochengjianghe、hubojubushuiwenshenggao,yingxiangshuishengshengwushengtaipingheng。

7、含色、臭味的废水

sedugaodefeishui,chuyingxiangshuitiwaiguanwai,ruzhijieyongyugongyeshengchan,haihuishizhichengpinchanshengseze, yingxiangchanpinzhiliang。youxiefeishuipaichushiwuse,danjinrushuitihouyuqitarongjiewujinxingfanyingkeshengchengyanse, ruhanyoutielizidefeishui,yudaohandanningfeishuishi,jikechuxianheisedeng。shuitizhonghanyouliuhuaqinghepanleihua hewushihuishishuizhifachou,shuishengshengwushouzheizhongyouchouweifeishuideyingxiang,yedaiyouchouwei,zheibujinshiyubeilei dezhiliangxiajiang,shenzhishizhiwufashiyong。

8、病原微生物污染

shenghuowushui、yiyuanwushuiyijishengwuzhipin、zhige、tuzaidenggongyefeishui,hangezhongbingjun、bingdu、ji shengchongdengbingyuanweishengwu,jinrushuitihou,huichuanbogezhongjibing。ruyiyuanpaichudewushuizhonghanyoudaliangdebingyuan ti。jiehebingyiyuanwushui,meishengkejianchujishiwanzhijibaiwangejieheganjun。yiyuanwushuihaihanyouxiaoduji、 yaoji、shijidenghuaxuewuzhi;liyongfangshexingtongweisuyiliaoshouduandeyiyuanwushuihaihanyoufangshexingwuzhi。weijing chulideyiyuanwushuiyonglaiguangainongtian,yehuizaochenggezhongweihai,rushizhouweidiquhuanjingwuzhuo、wenyingdaliangfan zhi、jibingliuxing。

 

以上就是中公西甲比赛投注工程网小编整理的城乡规划师的备考难点,此外,小编还给大家整理了模拟试题、历年试题等考试资料,更多备考资料持续更新中。

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